Diabetes diet: 4 foods to avoid to reduce risk

Certain foods and drinks you consume can affect your blood glucose levels and worsen your risk of diabetes. Scroll down to find out more.

A diabetes diet includes foods that are rich in nutrients and relatively low in fat and calories, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Most foods can be part of your diabetes diet, but certain foods can increase blood glucose and insulin levels, which promotes inflammation. Prediabetes and diabetes can increase the risk of other chronic conditions, such as heart disease, kidney disease and blindness, Healthline states.

In 2021, approximately 537 million adults will be living with diabetes. The total number of people living with diabetes is projected to rise to 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045. 3 out of 4 adults with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries, reports the International Diabetes Federation. The food and drinks you consume can affect your blood glucose levels and worsen your risk of diabetes. Therefore, we have brought a list of foods and drinks that you should avoid if you have prediabetes or diabetes.

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1. Foods with added sugars

According to Healthline, consuming large amounts of added sugars has been linked to increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. For those living with prediabetes or diabetes, limiting added sugars can help keep blood glucose levels within target range. The American Heart Association recommends limiting added sugar intake to no more than 25 grams or 6 teaspoons per day for women and 36 g or 9 teaspoons per day for men.

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2. Flavored coffee drinks

Coffee has several potential health benefits, but it also leads to an increased risk of diabetes. Like other sugary drinks, flavored coffees provide empty calories and offer no nutrients. Drinking these drinks without changing your diet to account for calories could lead to weight gain.

3. Foods with trans fatty acids

It is a type of dietary fat that is known to be the worst for your health. Excessive amounts of trans fats can increase your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and other health problems. Although trans fats do not directly increase blood glucose levels, they have been linked to increased inflammation, insulin resistance, and abdominal fat, as well as lower HDL (good) cholesterol levels and impaired arterial function, according to Healthline.

4. Alcohol

If you have diabetes, drinking alcohol can make the condition worse. Alcohol consumption can limit the liver’s ability to make glucose, which can lower blood sugar levels in the body. Alcohol use can also interfere with certain diabetes medications.

(Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment.)

Categories: Lifestyle News
Source: vtt.edu.vn

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